C.R.A.A.P test. How to evaluate a resource for quality
Evaluating Research Sources
Is the information recent enough for your topic?
- Has it been published or updated in the last x years? (x will vary, depending on your topic)
- If you have a historical topic, was it published around the date of the original event?
- If it’s a website, are the links working?
Where does the information come from and does it fit your topic?
- Are you able to read and understand the information?
- Does it answer your research question?
- Is it a primary or secondary source (what source works best for your topic)?
Who is the author or publisher of this information?
- Can this person or company be contacted?
- Is there an “About Us” link so you can find out more about the author/publisher?
- Are they an expert?
- Can you Google the author or publisher and find out more about them?
Does the information seem accurate based on what you already know?
- Is the information supported by evidence?
- Can you verify the information by using another reliable source?
- Are there spelling, grammatical or other typographical errors?
What is the intent of the author?
- Who is the information written for--young children, students, professors, doctors...?
- Is the information meant to inform, persuade, sell, entertain...?
- Is the author trying to make money from this information?
- Are there obvious biases?